There are three different ways that DMTs for MS can be taken: via injection, orally or through direct delivery into a vein during an infusion.
Injectables comprise the largest group of DMTs and are self-administered on a regular basis following training from a medical professional. In some instances, the use of injectable treatments can be associated with mild reactions at the injection site. If you do experience any of these reactions, you should discuss them with your doctor or MS nurse as soon as possible, to ensure that this is the most suitable treatment available for you.
Orals are DMTs in the form of a tablet or capsule that are taken once or twice a day. As orals are taken like any other tablet, they are considered the easiest to self-administer, but could require a more regular dosing schedule than injectable medications.
Some DMTs are delivered directly into a vein through infusions. The exact detail of treatment courses depend on the drug, but all infusions are given in a clinical setting. Doses are administered significantly less often than injectable or oral MS medication. DMTs delivered by infusion are often those considered to be ‘high efficacy’, however, there is often a higher risk of serious side effects with these DMTs. Weighing up the benefits and risks of these therapies is something that should be done with your neurologist.